Agriculture and ecology – thanks to drones, you can perform special measurements of plant health, including the calculation of the NDVI coefficient, which allows you to assess fertilizer dosage in agriculture. Drones are a permanent element of modern agriculture.
A drone equipped with a multispectral camera takes hundreds of photos over a cultivated field and analyzes how the plant absorbs the sun’s rays. Diseased plants reflect sunlight in a different way than healthy plants. The drone can catch these minor differences and alert the farmer in time to the detected changes that may indicate the onset of a disease or a place where fertilization should be increased.
The development of a map showing the state of plant health allows you to adjust the fertilization dose to the actual demand. Thanks to this, there is no need to sprinkle 100% of the dose of fertilizers everywhere, because where the cultivation is healthy and there are a lot of natural microelements in the ground, the dose can be reduced.
As a result, we get healthier, more ecological food, the farmer saves on fertilizers and less nitrogen gets into the groundwater. Nitrogen flowing into the groundwater causes the rivers to bloom, so that less oxygen enters the water and life dies. According to Forbes, within a decade, drones will be very popular in agriculture as a data source.
Thermal raids – drone services performed for the purposes of inspection and control, e.g. building insulation. Currently used thermal imaging cameras are able to measure the temperature of the observed object. This allows the detection of places where heat is leaking from the houses and the estimation of energy losses.
Forestry – using drones, you can control the number of wild animals and monitor their movement. In crisis management, devices help, among others in the assessment and estimation of losses after storms and other natural disasters.
Military and services – here drones are most often used for tactical operations, tasks in the field of crisis management and for border control. Drones can conduct reconnaissance while remaining unnoticeable by the observed person. They can quickly determine the coordinates of the observed target and send this data to the fire control system to destroy the target.
Circulating ammunition is also becoming more and more popular – these are drones equipped with explosives. After reaching the target, such a drone will explode, which is why it is often called the Kamikaze drone. The advantage of this solution is the possibility of very precise hitting the enemy. The Kamikaze drone can immobilize a specific vehicle in the column and will not damage nearby vehicles. The kamikaze drone can remain in the air for up to 30 minutes, hovering over its target, which is why this solution is called circulating ammunition.
Finally, it is worth mentioning one more very important application of unmanned aerial vehicles, namely blood transport. It is a fully Polish project that is already under construction. We can already deliver packages and parcels with the help of drones. Will it be possible for people to travel with drones in the future? And will a human transport drone still be called a drone?